Monday, May 27, 2019
Friendship Among Children
Friendship among children Establishing friendships is an important developmental goal of early childhood. Friendships established during the preschool years create valuable contexts to learn and practice skills essential to childrens social, cognitive, communicative, and steamy development (Berndt & Keefe, 1992). Through interacting with friends, children learn the give and take of social behavior in general. They learn how to set up rules, how to weigh alternatives and make decisions when faced with dilemmas.They fetch fear, anger, aggression and rejection (Hartup, & Stevens, 1999). Friendships also benefit children by creating a sense of belonging. Through friendships and belonging to a group, children improve their sense of self-esteem. The support of friends help children cope with upset times and through transition times moving up to a new school, entering adolescence, dealing with family stresses, facing disappointments.In addition, successful friendships in early childhoo d contribute to childrens quality of life and are considered important to life adjustment. Friendships are not just a luxury they are a indispensableness for healthy psychological development. During the elementary school years children generally choose friends who are similar to themselves and who share their interests. At this age children become increasingly group-oriented the approximately well-liked children are those who can manage social relations within a group and think of activities that are fun.Research shows that children with friends have a greater sense of well-being, ruin self-esteem and fewer social problems as adults than individuals without friends (Hartup & Stevens, 1999). On the other hand, children with friendship problems are more likely than other children to feel lonely, to be victimized by peers, to have problems adjusting to school, and to engage in deviant behaviors (Rose & Asher, 2000). Children who were completely isolated and had no friends would go into depression as they made their way through the teenage years.Belonging to a group, whether a sports team, school club, or a class project, they all provide a sense of belonging and is not just a means for exclusion. betwixt the ages of 10 to 12 cliques form as children mature and rely less on their parents for guidance, they turn to their peers (Ladd, 1990). Groups become more single-gender girls usually have more cozy and supportive relationships with their friends than boys do. Their play roups reflect this difference boys tend to associate with peers in large groups centered on sports while girls are more likely to be involved in small groups and spend more time in personal conversation. Girls friendship groups are usually smaller and more exclusive than boys during childhood, and indeed in adolescence the situation reverses (Rose & Asher, 2000). Groups are a naturally occurring phenomenon. Some kids, who care about belonging to a certain group, suffer from feelings of rej ection if they are not include and can become victims ofteasing and bullying.When cliques turn aggressive they may become gangs. Overall, the concepts of friendship and the behaviors associated with friendship change as children develop. Its based largely on companionship. Learning how to behave socially with other kids and becoming part of a group helps the child build a strong connection between his friends. educate Cited * Berndt,TJ & Keefe, K (1992) Friends influence on adolescents perceptions of themselves in school. In DH Schunk & JL Meece (Eds. )Student Perceptions in the Classroom(pp. 1-73). Hillsdale NJ Erlbaum * Hartup, WW & Stevens, N (1999) Friendships and adaptation across the life span. Current directions in psychological science. 8, 3, 76-79. * Ladd, GW (1990) Having friends, keeping friends, making friends, and being liked by peers in the classroom Predictors of childrens early school adjustment? Child Development, 67,1081-1100. * Rose, AJ Asher, SR. (2000) Childr ens friendships. In finishing Relationships A Sourcebook. Thousand Oaks, CA Sage Publications.